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2014年成都职称英语考试卫生类B级真题及答案-阅读理解

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发布时间:2015/8/14 13:42:22 编辑:华商教育热度:1320

阅读理解:

第一篇:

Approachesto Understing Intelligences

It pays to besmart, but we are not all smart in the same way. You may be a talentedmusician, but you might not be a good reader. Each of us is different.

Psychologistsdisagree about what is intelligence what are talents personal abilities.Psychologists have two different views on intelligence. Some believe there isone general intelligence. Others believe there are many differentintelligences.

Somepsychologists say there is one type of intelligence that can be measured withIQ tests. These psychologists suppt their view with research that concludesthat people who do well on one kind of test f mental ability do well on othertests. They do well on tests using wds, numbers pictures. They do well onindividual group tests, written al tests. Those who do poly onone test, do the same on all tests.

Studies of thebrain show that there is a biological basis f general intelligence. Thebrains of intelligent people use less energy during problem solving. The brainwaves of people with high intelligence show a quicker reaction. Someresearchers conclude that differences in intelligence result from differencesin the speed effectiveness of infmation processing by the brain.

Howard Gardner,a psychologist at the Harvard School of Education, has four children. Hebelieves that all children are different shouldn’t be tested by oneintelligence test. Although Gardner believes general intelligence exists, hethinks that the human mind has different intelligences. These intelligencesallow us to solve the kinds of problems we are presented with in life. Each ofus has different abilities within these intelligences. Gardner believes thatthe purpose of school should be to encourage development of all of ourintelligences.

Gardner saysthat his they is based on biology. F example, when one part of the brain isinjured, other parts of the brain still wk. People who cannot talk because ofbrain damage can still sing. So, there is not just one intelligence to lose.Gardner has identified 8 different kinds of intelligence: linguistic,mathematical, spatial, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, body-kinesthetic(身体动觉的), naturalistic.

?

31. What is the main idea of this passage?

A. How to underst intelligence.

B. Theimptance of intelligence.

C. Thedevelopment of intelligence tests.

D. How tobecome intelligent.

32. Which of the following statements is trueconcerning general intelligence?

A. Mostintelligent people do well on some intelligence tests.

B. People doing well on one type of intelligence test dowell on other tests.

C. Intelligentpeople do not do well on group tests.

D. Intelligentpeople do better on written tests than on al tests.

33. Gardner believes that

A. children have different intelligences

B. all childrenare alike.

C. childrenshould take one intelligence test.

D. there is nogeneral intelligence.

34. Accding to Gardner, schools should

A. promote development of all intelligences.

B. teststudents’ IQs.

C. trainstudents who do poly on tests.

D. focus onfinding the most intelligent students.

35. Gardner thinks that his they has a

A. musicalfoundation.

B.intrapersonal foundation.

C. linguisticfoundation.

D. biological foundation.

第二篇:

The Wker's Role in Management

  Traditionally, ithas been the wker's role to wk management's role to manage. Managershave planned directed the firm's operations with little thought ofconsulting the lab fce. Managers have rarely felt compelled(被迫的) to obtain the wker's opinions to explain their decisions totheir employees. At most, companies have provided "suggestion boxes"in which wkers could place ideas f improving procedures. In recent years,however, many management specialists have been arguing that wkers are methan sellers of lab——they have a vital stake in the company may be ableto make significant contributions to its management. Furtherme, maj companydecisions profoundly affect wkers their dependents. This is particularlytrue of plant closings, which may put thouss on the unemployment lines.Should wkers, then, play a stronger role in management?

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